Drilling Cuttings Collection Box is widely used in drilling sites. Drilling debris and other wastes generated during the drilling operation are collected and stored in a drill chip collection box and transported to a centralized treatment facility by means of a crane or a forklift truck for centralized treatment. The operation is safe, convenient and cost-effective. Drilling operations provide a convenient and regular operation process. At present, KOSUN design and production high-quality Drilling Cuttings Collection Box, and customized according to customer demand design.
Features Advantages of KOSUN Drilling Cuttings Collection Box:
Large import and export and design with a tilt angle, more convenient and safe collection and dumping debris.
In today’s world, where the industry is evolving instantly, the need for better , lighter and easier to manage equipment is what all the customers is looking for. The VC-1000 Series Vertical Centrifugeis being designed mainly for the Oil Base Mud operations (OBM) and with the high cost of these operations there is a need for equipment which affect the 3 main factors:
-Preserving the drilling fluids
In designing the VC-1000 Series Vertical Centrifuge, the main objective were developing an equipment capable of:
-improving the separation efficiency compared to the usual solid control equipment
-reducing the amount of waste volume Produced
-saving the cost and the customer budget
-An easy to use and maintain equipment were all the parts are accessible and can be cleaned and maintained
-The safety of the operators and the personnel involved in the operation
VC- 1000, THE OPTIMUM FORMULA
What is the optimum formula? The optimum formula is the price vs quality ratio which define the value of any proposed equipment. The customers have been in a continuous search for the best quality against the price they will pay for the equipment.
How this formula has been reached? The challenges for ES-KSN were creating the balance between the quality and the cost of this equipment on the customers. ES-KSN capitalized on its close and continues work with its customers in different countries/regions, to reach a balance between the quality and the production cost of this equipment.
Functions of a Drilling Fluid:
The mud system in a drilling operation performs many important functions. These include:
-Clean beneath the bit: To maximize drilling efficiency, the drilling fluid must translate hydraulic horsepower from the main mud pumps into enough velocity to remove drill cuttings away from the face of the bit and allow the cutters to be in contact with the formation. If the cuttings are not removed, they will be ground into smaller particles and adversely affect drilling rate, mud properties, and project costs.
-Carry drilled solids from the bottom of the hole to the surface: Once cuttings are removed from beneath the bit, the fluid must transport them toward the surface faster than they can settle back toward the bottom of the hole. Factors which influence cuttings movement are velocity, cuttings size and shape, and the fluid properties.
-Suspend cuttings when circulation is stopped: Circulation of the drilling fluid stops periodically during operations, such as when making a bit trip. The drilling fluids must be able to suspend cuttings and weighting material while circulation is stopped, but should begin to flow easily when the pumps are switched back on. Properties which affect cuttings suspension are the density and viscosity of the mud and the density of the solids in the mud.
-Allow removal of cuttings by the surface system.
-Control formation pressures.
-Promote borehole stability.
-Cool the bit and lubricate the drill string.
-Help support the weight of the drill string.
-Allow accurate information from the well.
Mud is the common name for drilling fluid. While it is outside the scope of this handbook to offer a detailed discussion of drilling fluids, a brief outline of the general characteristics of drilling fluids is included to establish the basic relationships between drilling mud and solids control. Similarly, any discussion of solids control would be incomplete without establishing an understanding of the nature of mud solids — their size, shape and composition.
Zero Discharge on Drilling Waste Management Operating principles:
Water-base mud cuttings enter the top hopper of vertical centrifuge and fall onto its internal separation area. The internal cone rotates at a high speed of 900RPM and generates a centrifugal force of 430G. For density difference between liquid and solids, mud is hurled out of surface of drilling cuttings and passes through screens, and solids are retained inside the screens. And then, liquid is discharged from the liquid outlet and dry solids are discharged from the bottom of equipment.
Zero Discharge on Drilling Waste Management Features & Benefits:
-Efficient solid-liquid separation. Liquid content of treated solids is up to national and industrial standards.
-Effective recovery of treated liquid for recycling in drilling solids control system.
-Greatly reduce solid discharge volume, drilling fluid cost and waste management cost.
-Meet field operation requirements on zero discharge of drilling waste.
-Rotate at a high speed of 900RPM to generate a centrifugal force of 430G and effectively separate liquid from cuttings.
-Flights coated with wear-resistant material and metal screens for longer service life.
-Intelligent pulse jet control system effectively prevents screen blockage.
-Separate oil circuit lubricating and cooling system for simple and reliable operation.
-Integrated programmable control system for safe and convenient operation.
-Feed/discharge ports can be equipped with screw conveyors to facilitate drilling cuttings conveying and continuous equipment operation.
Treatment Effects of Vertical Centrifuge:
For oil-base and synthetic-base mud: water content of solids treated by the vertical centrifuge is below 6%.
For water-base mud: water content of solids treated by the vertical centrifuge is within 5%~8%.
1.Collection Unit. Through the solid control equipment, drilling waste mud enter into the screw conveyor, while adding water for dilution and mixing. Then through screw conveyor, the mud enter into the sand and gravel separation & washing and stirring device, after stirring, washing and spiral separation, a large number of inorganic particles, small rocks, cuttings can be separated from the drilling mud, which reduced the influences of type of material on the follow-up treatment. So that the abandoned mud can maintain the good liquidity. After the separation, the mud lifting into the slurry storage tank by the mud pump, while adding treatment chemicals, after stirring and mixing reaction, the mud lifting into the second processing unit the pump.
2.Solid-liquid separation unit. In order to reduce the moisture content and the pollutants of the mud cake, it is indispensable to add the treatment chemicals and the multiple stirring and washing. After the pharmaceutical treatment and repeated mixing and washing, the contaminants contained in the mud are washed into the water. If there is petroleum pollutant, it needs to be treated by the oil removal device first, and then the oil is recovered. The de-oiling mud is sent to the centrifugal extension by the pump for mud and water separation, and the solid matter in the mud can be discharged after the separation. The separated water enters the collection tank and then pumped by the pump to the third treatment unit.
3.Wastewater treatment unit. After centrifugation, the content of suspended solids in the water is relatively high. Through the flotation and filtration system, the suspended solids contained in the water are removed, reducing the organic content in the waste water and then enter the reverse osmosis system for concentration. Reverse osmosis out of the standard wastewater into the reuse water tank, pump back to use for the production. A small amount of concentrated liquid can also be treated by evaporation crystallization, salt can be sold to salt chemical manufacturers, turning waste into treasure.
The shale shaker is the first stage of solids control equipment in drilling purification system. It can remove cuttings above 75 μm brought from the drilling well to leave the liquid with smaller particles into the tanks below, which will flow into next grade solids control equipment for further treatment.
Stage 2: Desander
KOSUN DS Series Desander is used as the 2nd stage of solids control for drilling fluids, which makes separations between 45 and 75 μm.
Desander Features & Benefits: 1. Polyurethane ( PU ) material or high-chromium cast iron to make desander cones for longer lifespan. 2. Clamp type for easy maintenance. 3. Compact design with small footprint. 4. Flexible options for 1, 2 or 3 pieces of 10″ or 12″ cones for different capacities. 5. Flexible fast connection are available for user assembly.
Stage 3: Desilter
KOSUN DL Series Desilter is used as the 3rd stage of solids control for drilling mud, which makes separations between 15 and 45 μm.
Desilter Features & Benefits: 1. 100% Polyurethane ( PU ) material to make desilter cones for longer lifespan 2. Clamp type for easy maintenance 3. Compact design with small footprint. 4. Flexible options for 8, 10, 12, 16 or 20 pieces of 4″ or 5″ cones for different capacities. 5. Flexible fast connection is available for user assembly.
Stage 4: Decanter Centrifuge
KOSUN DC Series Decanter Centrifuge is used to separate suspended solids ≥2μm in diameter and treat the drilling mud and fluids. It is especially effective when used in oilfield service industry, industrial service industry and especially in environmentally sensitive areas. This type of centrifuge is high in recovery rate, effective in solids control and remarkable in the reduction of cost spent on drilling mud resupplying and management. It is a very sophisticated dynamic balancing machine, able to operate stably with the whirling speed ranging from 0 to 3900 and generate centrifugal force of 3000G. (Editor:Kosun Lily.Wang)
The Government are committed to sustaining a healthy environment and a vibrant economy. Consistent with this commitment, there has been a fundamental shift in the way we view solid waste. It is now recognized that solid waste is a resource that can result in the creation of jobs through cost effective and environmentally responsible management. The Strategy to Manage Solid Waste will include these benefits:
Bans on the disposal of beverage containers, corrugated cardboard, newsprint, scrap tires, used oil, lead-acid batteries, waste paint, automotive antifreeze, glass food containers, steel/tin cans, selected plastics and compostable organic materials.
Expansion of the current deposit/refund system on beer and liquor bottles to include all beverage containers with the exception of milk. Milk containers will be recycled through province-wide collection programs.
The number of active landfills will be reduced by approximately 75 percent. Currently, there are 40 active landfills in the Province. All landfills will have to meet the Department of the Environment’s new stricter guidelines to prevent leachate and other problems associated with the current variety.
In order to ensure that cost increases are minimized, municipal units will be encouraged to cooperate on a regional scale. It is recommended seven solid waste resource management regions be established.
The Strategy will involve diversion of 60 to 70 percent of household hazardous waste from disposal facilities.
In a consumer society, most commodities, once no longer used for their intended purpose, have traditionally been discarded. The implications of this “throw away” mentality are profound. In recent years, people have begun to recognize these implications and have taken aggressive action to change their practices and attitudes towards waste.
Reducing the amount of waste we generate, identifying opportunities for the recovery of valuable resources, encouraging the development and commercialization of new technologies, and taking necessary action to secure a sustainable future are among the challenges we face today and in the years ahead. (Editor:Kosun Lily.Wang)
Mud plays a very important role in drilling operations. Therefore, mud generated during the operation must be treatment by drilling mud recycling system to achieve a certain degree of recovery and purification, which is not only conducive to environmental protection, but also can greatly reduce operating costs.
In some specific drilling operations, mud recovery and purification is particularly important, such as trenchless operations. At present, the relevant domestic enterprises have made great achievements in the technology of the non-dredged drilling mud recycling system. For example, KOSUN non-dredged driling mud recycling system is in the leading position in terms of quality and performance.
Drilling mud recycling and reuse system is to make a rough purification through shale shaker, and then through the hydrocyclone, centrifuge equipment for filtration and purification. The filtered solid particles can be used as a filler in the construction, water can be used to irrigate the farmland.
With the increasing requirements for oilfield clean production, the role of mud recovery and purification is increasingly important. Especially in the non-dredged mud treatment, the non-dredged driling mud recycling system is a very important part of the progress of the project. Trenchless driling mud recycling system can not only meet the engineering waste mud treatment requirements, to achieve clean production, but also can greatly reduce production costs.
KOSUN can provide its clients with three series products, including solid-control equipment for oil and gas drilling, centrifuge series and drilling waste treatment equipment. They are widely used in oil and gas drilling, coalbed methane drilling, shale gas Drilling, water wells, geothermal well drilling, horizontal excavation of horizontal directional engineering, gravel grading mine, tailings treatment, river clean-up project, industrial wastewater treatment, environmental sewage treatment, waste oil recovery purification treatment and other fields. (Editor:Kosun Lily.Wang)
With the continuous improvement of environmental protection laws and regulations, people’s awareness of environmental protection has been gradually enhanced. Drilling mud treatment and disposal during drilling has become the focus problem in the drilling industry. The purpose of drilling mud treatment and disposal is to reduce environmental pollution and to find a economically and environmentally methods.
There are many existing drilling mud treatment and disposal methods, but each method has its scope of application. It should be selected according to the geologic environment, hydrology, soil, drilling fluid composition and economy of the oil and gas field. Throughout the processing methods at home and abroad, drilling mud treatment and disposal methods including the following categories:
(1) Direct discharge method
Direct discharge method mainly applied to conventional freshwater drilling fluid.
(2) Landfill method
This is a more primitive approach and is mainly suitable for general freshwater-based drilling fluids.
(3) Dehydration method
This method used the chemical flocculation, sedimentation and mechanical separation and other strengthening measures to make the waste drilling fluid in the solid-liquid two-phase separation.
(4) Pit seal
This method is a special landfill method. It is recommended for toxic waste drilling fluid treatment and disposal.
(5) Annular space treatment method
The waste drilling fluid is injected through the borehole into the formation or safety formation of the oil and gas.
(6) Soil biodegradation method
Sprinkle the waste drilling fluid directly onto the soil surface and mix it into the soil with a soil tillage machine. This method is mainly applicable to the processing of freshwater drilling fluids and some oil-based drilling fluids that are easily biodegradable.
(7) Land cultivation method
Land cultivation practices require an open and relatively flat land and it should have surface conditions that prevent erosion.
(8) Closed loop system
The system is equipped with high-efficiency solid-control equipment that uses rigorous management tools to reduce the amount of fluid-borne waste discharged while drilling and emit only a certain amount of wet solids for land, sea and virtually all non-gaseous Dispersed phase drilling fluid system. Effluent wet-solid phase can be buried in-situ, diluted in land, paved, filled or centralized, and the liquid phase recycled and reused, which not only reduces the cost of mud treatment but also saves water resources.
(9) Solid-liquid separation method
Solid-liquid separation technology is the solid-liquid waste drilling fluid separation, the discharge of liquid standards, solid-phase buried or reprocessing.
(10) Curing method
This method is add curing agent to the waste drilling fluid to make it solidified into soil-like solid material, and then landfill or used as building materials. (Editor:Kosun Lily.Wang)
Compared with the traditional sewage treatment plant, the concept of sewage treatment plant proposed four new goals, namely: sustainable water quality, energy recovery, resource recycling, environment-friendly.
After 30 years of rapid development, China’s urban sewage treatment has made great achievements. But along the way, there are some hidden dangers in China’s sewage treatment business. Due to the lack of sustainable development concept, leading to the industry’s shortsighted, extensive, chaotic and even inferior. China’s sewage treatment project urgently needs to base itself on national conditions and carry out a systematic exploration for the future. The company is located in:
Recalling the course of development over the past 100 years, sewage treatment has made tremendous contributions to improving the living environment and promoting the progress of human civilization. The activated sludge method invented in 1912, long-term and effective to curb the discharge of water pollutants, still plays an important role in the sewage treatment system. In the 1960s, the United States put forward the concept of “advanced waterworks in the 21st century” with advanced thinking. That is, raising the standard of sewage treatment to drinking water standard has a profound impact on the development of the industry.
As of 2013, China has built and put into operation more than 3,500 sewage treatment plants at the county level and above, with a total daily processing capacity of 140 million cubic meters, playing a key role in deterring the intensification of water pollution.
Sewage treatment is in a period of major changes, urban sewage treatment plants will be reduced from pure pollutants into resources, energy plants, related policies, standards, technologies, practices are widely and profoundly changed. And these are the new directions that China must pay attention to in the future development of sewage treatment.
China Sewage Treatment Concept Factory is not the focus of the general sense of the project, demonstration projects, more should be seen as China’s sewage treatment business under the current opportunities and challenges for the future to a systematic exploration. (Editor:Kosun Lily.Wang)