Petroleum Solids Control Mud Tank

The Petroleum Solids Control Mud Tank is used to store the mud transported between the drilling wellhead and the mud pump. Petroleum Solids Control Mud Tanks are often referred to as mixing tanks, storage tanks or supply tanks.

Petroleum solids control mud tanks can be divided into replenishment tanks, metering tanks, trailer-mounted mud tanks, cooling tanks, etc. according to different uses. The Petroleum solids control mud tank adopts electric centralized control, and its manifolds are built-in manifolds, which are convenient for installation, disassembly and transportation. In extreme low temperature areas, the tank body is equipped with a heating system and a heat preservation system.

KOSUN Petroleum solids control mud tank adopts centralized electric control; heating and heat preservation system applied for tank body in polar regions. When used in drilling blocks, KOSUN Petroleum solids control mud tank has the following advantages: ensuring no mud loss, reducing environmental pollution, lowering labor intensity and satisfying drilling requirements timely through mud mixing. KOSUN can also design and manufacture mud tanks according to customers’ specific requirements.

KOSUN- China Solids Control Leader&Drilling Waste Management Expert
Email: sales2@adkosun.com
WhatsApp/Wechat:+86 18792396268
Contact person: Lily Wang
Online consulting:
http://www.kosun.com
http://www.kosuneco.com

Mud Circulation System in Well Site “Green Drilling”

Drilling engineering is a field operation engineering in oil and gas exploration and development activities. During drilling production, “waste slurry, waste water, waste oil”, rock cuttings, production and domestic garbage and other wastes inevitably cause pollution and harm to the surrounding environment. Therefore, vigorously promote the “green drilling” mud circulation system, actively realize sustainable development, establish green environmental protection awareness, control pollution from the source, and realize green environmental protection for oil and gas exploration and development.

“Green drilling” refers to the drilling process that focuses on pollution prevention, minimizes the consumption of raw materials and energy, reduces production costs, and reduces and prevents damage to the ecological environment during the drilling process.

In order to bring the broken cuttings of the bottom hole drill bit to the ground in time to continue drilling, and to cool the drill bit to protect the well wall and prevent the occurrence of drilling accidents such as well collapse and lost circulation, the rotary drilling rig is equipped with a mud circulation system. The mud circulation system includes drilling pumps, ground manifolds, mud tanks, mud purification equipment, etc. The ground manifolds include high-pressure manifolds, risers, and hoses, and mud purification equipment includes drilling fluid shakers, de-sanders, and desilters , Centrifuges, etc.

KOSUN- China Solids Control Leader&Drilling Waste Management Expert
Email: sales2@adkosun.com
WhatsApp/Wechat:+86 18792396268
Contact person: Lily Wang
Online consulting:
http://www.kosun.com
http://www.kosuneco.com

Drilling mud solid control and waste management

Introduction of Drilling mud solid control system:

Solid control system is a technique used in a drilling rig to separate the solids in the drilling fluids that are crushed by the drill bits and carried out of the well surface. Normally, a solid control system contains five stages: the mud tank, shale shaker, vacuum degasser, desander, desilter, and centrifuge. The shale shaker is used to separate big solids with diameter above 75μm, the desander addresses solids from 45-74μm, and the desilter segregates solids between 15-44μm. Sometimes the desander and desilter are combined as one high efficiency mud cleaner. When air enters the drilling fluids, a vacuum degasser is used to separate the air. When there is no air in the mud, the degasser works as a big agitator. All these stages are mounted on the top of the mud tank. After separating the solids, the clean mud can be pumped into the borehole again.The mud system with 4 phases of solids control process can be understood as the 5 phase purification system. From shale shaker, vacuum degasser, to Desander cone, Desilter cone, and the decanting centrifuge: different working principle, different separation point. Every well drilling requires such a system to process drilling mud. However, per different well depth and different drilling conditions we’ll get different configurations and different results.

Introduction of Drillingmud waste management:

Drilling waste management system, also called as drill cutting treatment system or drilling cutting management system. According to different applications, it can be classified as water-base drilling waste management system and oil-base drilling waste management system.

The main Drilling waste management equipments are drying shaker, cutting dryer, decanter centrifuge, screw conveyor, screw pump and tanks. The drilling waste management system can effectively control the moisture content (6%-15%) and oil content (2%-8%) in drilling cuttings and stabilizes the liquid phase performance.

KOSUN- China Solids Control Leader&Drilling Waste Management Expert
Email: sales2@adkosun.com
Wechat:+86 18792396268
Contact person: Lily Wang
Online consulting:
http://www.kosun.com
http://www.kosuneco.com

KOSUN screw conveyor is designed in accordance with strict safety standards.

Basic principle and characteristics of the horizontal screw conveyor: horizontal screw conveyor is a rotating screw will be pushed forward and transport along the casing of materials in transmission work, is a new kind of in the bottom of the bin and to break the arch and the uniform feeding, its broken arch performance is strong, for all kinds of powdery and granular materials can achieve broken arch and continuous transmission function, and effectively eliminate different particle size and proportion of mixed material in bending phenomenon occurs in the bunker, thus effectively avoid material wriggle through the earth cabin, and to material status as running water.The horizontal screw conveyor has many features. The screw conveyor is convenient for multi-point loading and unloading. The mixing, stirring and cooling functions can be completed simultaneously in the conveying process.

KOSUN is a professional manufacturer of screw conveyors integrating research, design, production, installation and after-sales service. The company in a responsible attitude to customers, the design and manufacture of products in strict accordance with the testing standards for quality testing. Over the years, with advanced technology, excellent quality, by the majority of customers at home and abroad praise.

KOSUN screw conveyor is designed in accordance with strict safety standards, and its u-shaped groove has a grille shield to prevent foreign objects from entering the groove, ensuring the safety of the operation of the staff. The bottom frame protects and supports the conveyor, ensuring the structural stability of the equipment.

Features and advantages of KOSUN screw conveyor:

1. High efficiency transmission: compact structure, stepless speed regulation, different processing capacity, can meet the needs of different drilling conditions;

2. Flexibility of the structure: each section is 12 feet and consists of several sections. The total length can be flexibly determined according to the equipment layout at the drilling site;

3. There is a grille cover on the u-shaped groove to prevent foreign bodies from entering the groove, ensuring the operation safety of the staff;

4. The spiral blade of the screw conveyor is made of anti-corrosion and wear-resistant material to extend its service life;

5. Advanced and reasonable design, combined with advanced manufacturing technology and perfect quality assurance system, make it has small volume, large load bearing torque, low noise, oil leakage and other significant advantages.

The elevated diesel tank is installed with explosion-proof floating-ball level switch.

The elevated diesel tank is installed with explosion-proof floating-ball level switch; KOSUN 40+5m³ elevated diesel tank is the special-purpose oil tank to provide and store diesel for power machines (diesel engine, generator, etc.) of drilling crew. therefore the centrifugal oil pump can deliver the oil in oil storage tank to elevated oil tank automatically. In case of low oil level, the explosion-proof level switch opens, the oil pump starts automatically and oil transportation begins; in case of high oil level, the explosion-proof level switch closes, the oil pump closes automatically, and oil transportation ends. In order to prevent failure of explosion-proof level switch, the equipment is especially installed with oil return pipe. In such a way, the oil will not overflow from the tank even under failure of level switch.

When elevated oil tank is lifted up, the oil pressure rises. The oil in tank will be transported to equipment requiring diesel at drilling site from three channels through filter and flowmeter, and it can also flow back to the oil storage tank. The oil consumed by equipment can be read out from pointer of flowmeter.

After the elevated diesel tank is installed, check to ensure that all valves are in corresponding states. Park the refueling truck beside the oil tank, connect the outlet opening with oil feeding buffer tank or inlet opening before opening it and choose to start the 50CYZ-20 centrifugal oil pump; pay attention to the rotation direction of the oil pump. After opening or closing corresponding ball valves, and starting the oil pump, the oil flows into oil storage tank through filter, flowmeter, pipeline, ball valve and centrifugal oil pump. With liquid surface rising, the column of magnetic reversible level meter display changes from white to red. The junction of white and red colors indicates the liquid level of oil storage tank.

KOSUN SP series shear pump is a centrifugal pump designed for quick configuration of drilling mud.

KOSUN SP series shear pump is a centrifugal pump designed for quick configuration of drilling mud.

SP series shear pump can effectively mix and fully hydrate the added materials in the drilling fluid, save the use of mud materials, shorten the mud configuration time, provide good mud performance for the drilling process, is an ideal drilling fluid solid control equipment. The degree of dispersion and hydration of bentonite particles in water depends on: electrolyte content, time, temperature, number and concentration of surface replaceable cations in water. Other things being equal, SP series shear pumps can save bentonite by more than 30%.

SP series shear pumps allow the polymer to be diluted and hydrated as soon as possible. The high molecular weight of the polymer used in the mud is high, and it is not easy to hydrate directly, so the polymer needs to be pre-cut. The shear pump provides high shear efficiency and speeds up the dilution and hydration of the polymer, thus improving the quality and efficiency of the mud distribution.

Final disposal and utilization of sludgeⅠ

After sludge is treated and disposed by a series of methods, there are generally the following final disposal methods for the dried sludge:

1. Sanitary landfill

Sanitary landfill is a traditional and mature sludge disposal method with low investment requirements and good effect, and can also increase part of urban construction land. As for the dry sludge, it is generally selected to be buried together with the municipal daily household garbage through solid waste landfill, or special sludge landfill can be set up for it. However, the current sludge treatment technology is not very perfect, some harmful substances in the sludge may not be removed clean, after landfill may have a certain potential threat to the surrounding environment.

2. Incineration

Incineration is the most thorough way of disposal. Because sludge contains a lot of organic matter and fibrous lignin, it generates a lot of heat after incineration, and the residue is less, and does not need sterilizing treatment. The energy generated during incineration can be used to generate electricity, and the ashes after incineration can be used to make cement, etc. Incineration of sludge is a very effective way to dispose of sludge.

The desander cleaner is used in the solid phase control system of drilling fluid.

The desander cleaner is used in the solid phase control system of drilling fluid. It is a combination of cyclone desander and vibrating screen.

Desanding cleaner designed according to the principle of particle sedimentation, the drilling fluid separation medium through sand pump produce certain pressure and velocity, along the spiral into the cyclone wall, coarser particles under the action of centrifugal force and gravity walls along the hydrocyclone vortex sink, from the
underflow port , falls below breakdown vibrating screen separation, has risen in a spiral along the hydrocyclone, the rest of the media from the overflow mouth into the third grade separation equipment desilter further purification treatment.

Installation and debugging of desander cleaner:

The desander cleaner is m+ainly composed of a vibrating screen, a shunt manifold and a cyclone. The inlet pipe and overflow pipe of the desander cleaner are symmetrical at both ends to facilitate installation. Connect the slurry outlet of the sand pump with the inlet pipe of the desilter cleaner, and drain the overflow pipe of the desilter to another drilling fluid tank.

KOSUN MA series mud aitator

KOSUN MA series mud aitator belongs to the equipment of tank type drilling fluid solid control system, it is mainly used for drilling fluid mixing, prevent the drilling fluid solid phase particle deposition in the tank circulation system, make the circulating drilling fluid performance is stable, mixing, mixer by explosion-proof motor, reducer, frame and wave wheel of four most. The motor and the reducer, the reducer and the wave wheel shaft are connected by a rigid coupling, and the wave wheel is welded by four blade groups.

Installation and maintenance of mud agitator:

1. When installing the mud agitator, lift the agitator horizontally and place it in the desired position smoothly;

2. Mud agitator rigid coupling must be equipped with spring pad and should be solid and reliable;

3. During the operation of mud mixer, there should be no difference in sound, cassette and high temperature;

4. The oil level of the mud agitator reducer should be kept in the middle of the oil window, and the oil should be replenished frequently when working.

Features and advantages of KOSUN’s vertical cuttings dryer.

In oil and gas drilling, water based mud is used in shallow Wells and oil based mud is used in deep Wells. Conventional solid control equipment can effectively recover heavy metal and useful drilling fluid items. If these solid phase parts containing heavy metals and compounds are discharged randomly without treatment, long-term precipitation will cause great harm to the surrounding vegetation, soil, groundwater and other natural environment and human survival environment.

With the constant improvement of the environmental protection requirement, puts forward higher requirements on drilling field cuttings nursing, the emergence of drilling waste purification system, not only can very good to solve the environmental problems, at the same time to the waste of the solid control system to produce secondary recycling, can maximize the retention of mud is useful at the same time, to focus again after processing of drilling cuttings curing processing, reduce on-site damage to the surrounding environment.

Features and advantages of KOSUN’s vertical cuttings dryer:

1. Self-suction device, which does not need centrifugal pump to supply drilling mud;

2. Eliminate corrosion and reduce the cost of repair and maintenance;

3. Compact design and small space;

4. Deaerator can also be used as a high-power mud mixer;

5. Excellent performance, low noise, flexible and reliable braking;

6. With large capacity, low energy consumption and perfect shockproof, timing, automatic and safety control system.