Drilling Waste Management System – Containment and Handling

Drilling Waste Management

Drilling waste management  is more and more important. The necessity of energy is increasing relentlessly. People are becoming more and more power hungry. With the increase in the demand, drilling companies are trying to cope up with the ever increasing demand by setting up new drilling sites.

A major issue that any drilling company has to handle is how to manage the drilling wastes generated from shale shaker cuttings. Drilling waste management companies are trying to sort out the most environment friendly method for the waste management.

Drilling Waste Management Plan
Drilling Waste Management Plan

A major step of drilling waste management plan is managing the containment of the wastes generated by shale shaker. A discussion about the issue is given below.

How the drilling waste is contained and handled: The first issue that should be consider in containing and handling drilling waste is the geographical features of the certain drilling sites.

Containment and handling of drilling wastes are no longer to simply on shore based as more and more companies are engaging in off shore drilling for new source of oil and gas. The most common way of managing shale shaker generated drilling wastes is building and using sumps.

Different types of drilling wastes including cement returns drilling wasted and drilling cuttings are contained in a sump. The sumps that are used to contain drilling wastes should not be built in non – polluted area of surface.

A sump inspection must be performed by experts right before the waste disposed in it. A waste tracking system for the drilling wastes must be developed to control the flow of wastes in the sumps.

A regular and efficient inspection schedule must be maintained by the employees in order to ensure that waste contamination sumps are in subtle condition. Another important issue for handling and contamination of drilling waste is decommissioning the sumps. When any sump is decommissioned, drilling authority must ensure that there is zero possibility of further contamination.

How to Optimize the Performance – Drilling Waste Decanter Centrifuge

Drilling Waste

A centrifuge is a device that works on the concept of centrifugal force. The centrifuge makes an object rotate around its own fixed axis, making a circular motion at a very high speed. A decanter centrifuge does the work of separating the mixture of solid and liquid in industries.

In a decanter centrifuge , when the mixture if fed, the centrifuge is rotated at a very high speed. As the centrifuge spins in a circular motion, perpendicular force is exerted on the mixture. This causes the denser substance in the mixture to move out in a radial direction, that is, towards the surface of imaginary circle, while the substance that is less dense moves inside radially, that is at the center.

drilling waste -
drilling waste

 

In drilling  waste management in industries, this process helps in separating solids from liquids like oil, so that the oil can be recycled and reused, thus protecting our precious natural oils.
As a decanter centrifuge is used in many industries like Food Processing industries, oil industries, waste water treatment plants and chemical industries , it is very important to optimize its performance so that there is minimum wastage and maximum efficiency.

Criteria for improved performance of drilling waste decanter centrifuge:
    Before feeding the mixture to the decanter centrifuges , the mixture should preferably fed to a shale shaker. This shale shaker will separate big solids from the mixture. Then the resulting mixture must be fed to the decanter for further filtration. This will reduce the wear and tear of the decanter.
    Right amount of centrifugal force must be applied.
    The Speed of the decanter must be optimal so that the solids in the mixture are safely transported out of the machine.
    The decanter centrifuge is prone to abrasion as the solids in the mixture may rub against the walls of the device. So proper care must be taken by using abrasion resistant material especially at the input zone and at the solid output zone.

Drilling Waste Cuttings Treatment – Pit Less Mud System

Drilling Waste

Oil and gas drilling is one of the most prolific business now a days. A very complex mechanism is used to drill oil and gas from the mine. A very common equipment that is seen in oil and gas drilling area is a shale shaker.

There are two basic approaches of drilling using a shale shaker .
The first one is the solid control system which is very popular for drilling now a days.
The second approach is the pit less mud system for drilling. Today the focus will be given on the pit less mud system for drilling.

What is pit less mud system for drilling: The pit less mud system for drilling is basically a process in which no pit is dug on the surface while for collecting cuttings from drilling.

drilling waste
drilling waste

In pit less mud system for  drilling waste cuttings treatment , a very important thing that is required to maintain is a proper integration between the waste management system and solid maintaining process. When the waste cuttings are taken out from shale shakers , two particular equipments named G force drying shaker and vertical cutting dryer are used to extract the liquid and to make the cuttings drier.

After that, the dry cuttings are transported from the shale shaker unit to the disposal unit. In that stage, the waste cuttings can be disposed on the surface without digging any pit. In many oil and gas drilling sites, a more environment friendly approach is taken to dispose drilling waste cuttings.

In that case, the drilling waste cuttings are taken to another unit for the final processing. In this unit, the waste cuttings are processed via solidification process. Waste cuttings can also be processed by thermal desorption machine. Thus, the drilling waste cuttings become contamination free and environment friendly. Then, the waste cuttings can be disposed without any fear.

Drilling Waste Cuttings Treatment of Pit Less Mud System

Drilling Waste

Drilling waste cuttings treatment of Pit Less Mud Systems are also known as closed loop systems. In this closed loop systems solid control equipment are used to minimize the wastage of natural oils used in drilling. The solid control equipment that are used in pit less mud system are:

1) Shale Shaker :
This is the first equipment in solid control equipment for drilling waste cutting. It consists of s screen that does the work of separating the solid and liquid from the mixture. The screen comprises of mesh clot that is attached to a frame using tension. This is usually used for separating very large solids from the liquid. The slurry that is obtained is stored into a tank and then again sent for further filtering to a mud cleaner.

drilling waste -
drilling waste

2) Mud Cleaner :
A mud cleaner combines two processes of desanders and desilters. Here they use a device that separates sand and silt particles from the drilling fluid. As these sand particles are fine, they cannot be removed by a shale shaker. Desander is used for removing solids that are abrasive in nature and dedilters are used to remove silts. The resultant mixture is then sent to a Decanter centrifuge.

3) Decanter Centrifuge  :
It is a fast rotating device that uses centrifugal force and sedimentation principle to remove the solid particles from the drilling fluid. Here the machine is rotated very fast so that the solid which is of high density is forced to go out and the liquid which is of less density is forced to go at the center.

After the mixture is separated, the drilling fluid that is obtained can be reused as a drilling fluid. This not only saves the cost but also helps to prevent the wastage of our limited natural resource.

Also the solid that are obtained are first dried before disposing them or resuing thwm for some special purposes.
Thus some part of the drilling waste cuttings is reused and some part of it properly disposed in an ecofriendly manner.

Drilling Waste Management Market Trends and Forecast, 2017 – 2020

Drilling Waste Management Market

Rapid technology development has improved drilling and production capacity to help exploration and production activities in deep water and ultra deepwater areas worldwide. These factors contributed to the development of the drilling waste management market.

It is expected that the drilling waste management market will grow at a compound annual growth rate of 6.0% from 2015 to 2020 and reach US $ 50.8 billion by 2020. The market is driven by rising demand for oil and gas, which is due to increased investment in emerging economies with proven oideep water and ultra deepwater areas.

The global drilling waste management market is subdivided on the basis of service type, application type and geographical location. Handling and handling, containment and handling, and solid control are three types of services in the drilling waste management market.

Drilling Waste Management Market
Drilling Waste Management Market

Based on the application, the market is divided into two categories: sea and land. In terms of consumption, Europe and North America are the largest market for the entire drilling waste management industry due to extensive and extensive exploration and production activities across the region.

It is estimated that the next five years in North America will be the global leader in the drilling waste management market.

North America is classified according to countries entering the United States, Canada and Mexico. The region accounts for more than half of the market. As the global crude oil price collapses and the market is hit hardest, the number of US rigs dropped by nearly 60% from January 2015 to January 2016, mainly due to higher average cost and production of shale drilling, forcing producers to lower prices In the case of more drilling rigs, compared with other production areas in the lower cost of drilling rigs, such as the Middle East.

The drilling waste management market is dominated by development by Kosun (China), TWMA (U.K.), Ridgeline Energy Services (Canada) and Soli-Bond, Inc. (USA).

With years marketing experience, KOSUN have been expanded its market globally, and have been established the friendly partnership with GAZPROM, PEMEX, AVA, SOCAR, SAE, etc.
To ensure uninterrupted competitive service, KOSUN has a R&D group and an in-depth maintenance program for all our equipments.

KOSUN is international brand in solids control and drilling waste management equipments manufacturer with rich experience, and also engaged in the relevant global service.

What is Important Equipment in Drilling Waste Management?

Drilling Waste management

Drilling waste management entails all processes and precautions required or recommended to ensure a safe environment. Drilling waste contains spent fluids and drilling cuttings that result from the drilling process. The spent fluids and drilling cuttings that are referred to as drilling waste have no use in the ensuing drilling process therefore must be disposed of.

However drilling waste treatment requires that the set environmental management standards and regulations are adhered to for the maintenance of a safe environment and also in order to avoid legal disputes and penalties.

Drilling waste management  system therefore is concerned with using materials, substances and facilities in the drilling process that minimize  drilling waste while at the same time employ proper disposal of waste in a manner that reduces toxicity.

drilling waste management
drilling waste management

Cuttings dryer is a core equipment in drilling waste management because it enhances environmental protection. Designated to meet the strict environmental conditions and guidelines imposed on disposal of cuttings and work site, it utilizes high-speed decanter centrifuge which optimizes liquid and solid separation in high volume processing.

The cutting dryer has the following characteristics
•    Rational structure built into the bedplate that adjusts and balances the distribution of vibrating motion.
•    Enhanced protection of spare parts with wear proof measures which include use of stainless steel for mesh screen and spiral scraper to guarantee long service life.
•    The torque sensor which helps regulate the motor in case of overload in operation thus ensuring reliable operation.
•    Viewports on cone header and bedplate making it easy and convenient to inspect and maintain the screen mesh and spiral scraper.
•    The equipment uses centralized lubrication station which facilitates ease of flow of lubricant to machine parts and reduces damage due to poor lubrication.

The cutting dryer is a welcome and indispensable aspect of  waste management, designed with respect to maintaining a safe environment.

Drilling Waste Management – China Kosun Equipment

Drilling waste Management

Drilling fluids and cuttings are emitted during drilling. According to the American Petroleum Institute estimates that only 1995, the United States onshore drilling to produce about 150 million bbl drilling waste, so the drilling waste recycling is urgent need nowadays.

In order to minimize drilling waste , the use of environmentally friendly tertiary waste treatment methods:
(1) adjust the drilling process or use the appropriate drilling fluid, so that the waste generated by the drilling process at least;
(2) will have been reduced to Minimum drilling waste is recycled as much as possible; and
(3) Drilling waste treatment  that can not be recycled by lawful meant.

drilling waste management
drilling waste management

1. Use synthetic base drilling fluid
The new synthetic base drilling fluid has the drilling characteristics of oil-based mud, but does not contain polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, but also has low toxicity, faster biodegradability and low bioaccumulation. Will not bring great environmental impact to the seabed. Compared with water-based mud, synthetic mud makes the wellbore cleaner and more stable, resulting in fewer cuttings and can be recycled, usually water-based mud cuttings directly into the sea.

2.Drilling fluid recycling
Will be used oil-based mud and water-based mud recycling, to minimize the amount of drilling waste emissions.

3. Treatment of drilling waste
Conventional land-based drilling waste is treated by first extracting the liquid portion of the slurry pool and then landing or dispersing the remaining solid material in situ. In oil and gas production areas, oilfield waste is dedicated to landfills; other areas will meet the emission standards of drilling waste transported to urban or industrial waste landfill. Another approach is to recycle the waste into the formation through the drilling annulus, including pouring the effluent into the formation fractures at a pressure above the formation fracture pressure or pouring the effluent into the formation at a pressure below the formation fracture pressure Natural cracks and salt holes.

Oil and gas industry has made great progress in environmental protection, there are a variety of drilling waste disposal methods, operators can be in accordance with the relevant legal requirements, cost and environmental requirements to choose the most appropriate drilling dirt treatment methods. New drilling waste disposal methods are being studied to meet future environmental requirements.

Drilling Waste Management Equipment by Kosun

Drilling Waste Management

In the process of drilling a water or oil hole, the solids that are obtained and the drilling fluid get mixed. This is called drilling waste. This waste must first be separated for proper management.

Drilling waste management equipment including: Vertical Cuttings Dryer(

Vertical Centrifuge),  D Series Decanter Centrifuge ,   Screw Pump……

After separation of the mixture, the drilling fluid that is obtained can be reused. But for the solids that are obtained, proper measures need to be taken so that there is minimum wastage and no harm is caused to the environment.

Kosun Drilling Waste management
Drilling Waste Management

The first step is to take care that the waste which is generated is as minimum as possible. This can be done by slightly changing the way, the hole is drilled. That is instead of conventional drilling other drillings options must be considered like;
1] Directional Drilling: Here instead of going directly vertical, drilling is done by taking angles while going down. Its variations are extended reach drilling, horizontal drilling and multiple laterals.
2] Drilling holes with small diameter: Technologies used to obtain holes with smaller diameter are slim hole drilling and coiled tubing drilling.
3] Techniques in which less drilling fluid is required like pneumatic drilling.

The second step is to use those fluids that does not harm our environment. Examples of such fluids are Synthetic Based muds (SBM) that biodegradable, does not accumulate and digs clean holes and has almost no toxicity.

Third is that, the wastes that are obtained must be reused as much as possible. The fluid that is obtained can be reused again as a drilling fluid. The solid cuttings that are obtained can be reused by spreading it on road and preventing road erosion or using it as a construction material.

Lastly, proper care must be taken for those solids that cannot be used and needs to be disposed. For pits may be build or may be dumped as landfills, where another layer of soil or other material.
The advantages of Drilling waste management are:
•    It is good for the environment and saves energy.
•    It reduces the cost of operation as we get to reuse the materials.

Drilling waste management equipment including: Vertical Cuttings Dryer(

Vertical Centrifuge),  D Series Decanter Centrifuge ,   Screw Pump……

Drilling Waste Management Market-Global Market

Drilling Waste Management Market

Drilling waste management market cover all over the world that equipment recoginized all over the world and appraised all over the world.

With the development of the industry, we are facing more and more challenges
and responsibility to protect our environment. At the same time, government agencies continue to increase the limit emission polls cut into the environment.
Support both goals Industry and regulatory agencies.
Kosun has been developed sturdy drilling waste management equipment to lessen pollution.

Drilling waste management system module
Drilling waste management equipment module

KOSUN is registered in Beijing as an import-export trading company specializing in well-drilling solid control equipments, drilling Rig accessories and mud services in the oil field. KOSUN Oil Service takes charge of the promotion, sales and after-sales service of its products in Chinese market. As one of the main partners of DERRICK in Chinese market, KOSUN Oil Service is available to provide all series of products and accessories of DERRICK to customers in China.

drilling waste management system
drilling waste management system

1. Kosun was established in 1992, the oil field solid control equipment has 25 years of history.
2. Kosun products are exported to Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Nigeria, Malaysia, Canada, India and Mexico and other 70 countries.
3. Kosun  is one of the earliest manufacturers of ancillary drilling equipment in China and the exclusive manufacturer of oil field solid control equipment.
As China’s first API control of solid control equipment manufacturers.
4.KOSUN has more than 76 patents on solid control and drilling mud waste management equipment.
5. Corson products through the European DNV CE and the Russian TP TP certification.
6.KOSUN Solids America LLC is China’s first US-based solid control company.
7. Kosun management system production in line with HSE system ISO900 and ISO 1: 2008, to ensure your safety products.
8. Kosun  has the right to use the API Q1 logo, is the oil and Sinopec oil drilling equipment and parts of a network provider.
9. The total area of ​​the Solid Control System is more than 70,000 square meters (700,000 square feet).
10. The establishment of after-sales service companies in Kazakhstan and Indonesia and the development of high standards in nearly 20 countries, responsible for sales and after-sales services.
11. KOSUN is SCOMI and BRANDT partners in China.
12.KOSUN has a special equipment for manufacturing vibrating shaker screens in Asia’s largest screen center city.

We are looking forward to cooperation with you.

Drill Waste Management Delivery to Foreign Countries

Drill Waste Management

Drill waste management got well appraised by customers at home and abroud.  At the same time ,  a lot of orders come from all over the word.

Drill waste management that from  Kosun received considerable orders from Africa and Russia at the start of new year 2017.

drill waste management equipment
drill waste management

Why drill waste equipment is so popolar by custome
There are below reasons:

  • First and the most thing is high quality
  • strong Research and Development team
  • much more experices
  • Customer Oriented
  • excellent cost performances in using effect and service life.
  • recommend the most suitable products for customers according to their practical requirements
  • Perfect after sale services
  • Drill waste equipment is customized by KOSUN for Kazakhstan  and Russia customers  that has completed production and commissioning work , which will be shipped recently.Drill waste equipment is designed by customers actual needs. In the system design process and equipment configuration on both the cost and processing results.  Achieve the best processing results with the lowest cost under customer requirements.
  • KOSUN is capable of providing customers with such three series as oil & gas drilling solids control equipment, centrifuges and drilling waste treatment equipment, including 25 categories of products, which are extensively used in oil & gas drilling and workover, cutting dryers,  coalbed methane drilling,  vertical cuttings dryer, shale gas drilling, water well, geothermal well drilling, trenchless horizontal directional crossing projects, mine gravel staged treatment, tailings treatment, rive dredging works, industrial wastewater treatment, environmentally friendly sewage treatment, waste oil recovery and purification treatment, etc.
  • Kosun constantly sum up their own shortcomings, strengths and weaknesses,learn more about  experience . Our goal aimes to strive to the world first.  Although there is still a great distance, but we believe that as long as we pay more attention to  do every steps, keep up with the pace of the times, the goal is no longer distant.